■ Long-term low-carbon power generation
strategy is required for the Paris Agreement in 2050
conversion is a change in the economic ecosystem and brings about changes in
○ The European
case was aiming for a decarbonized society early on, but Japan has some
suggestions to give to Korea as a case delayed by the energy conversion policy.
■ Changes in Japan's energy policy
○ After the
Great East Japan Earthquake, the proportion of thermal power generation
increased due to the total shutdown of nuclear power plant operations, and has
been on a downward trend since 2013 when greenhouse gas emissions reached 1.41
■ Prime Minister
Suga's policy on carbon neutrality and priority issues
○ On October
26, 2020, he advocated the realization of a decarbonized society in his first
policy speech, thinking that a carbonized society in 2050 will bring about
economic and social change and lead to growth
renewable energy sector is less efficient than Europe's. Korea has no choice
but to rely on the development of renewable energy technologies to limit its
promotes policies that allow the use of hydrogen in business toward hydrogen
society. As a manufacturing powerhouse, Japan has a burden to aim for hydrogen
○ Nuclear power
plants are forced to restart despite public distrust of safety. The reason for
restarting nuclear power plants is that renewable energy has not increased and
electricity prices and safety have been considered
and Policy Suggestions to Korea
○ Must prepare
with interest for the change in international politics due to the energy
○ Must take an
active attitude in resource diplomacy.
○ Must review and
present the direction of the new electric power industry after the reform of
the electric power system and the case of the restructuring of the electric
power market in major foreign countries for low carbon conversion
○ Need social
ventilation regarding the burden of energy conversion costs.
positively deal with the introduction of electric vehicles and the conversion
to a hydrogen society, considering their impact on related industries and local
※ This article is written based on the author’s personal opinions and does not reflect the views of the Sejong Institute.
※ This is a third party's unofficial translation of the original paper which was written in Korean. All references should be made to the original paper.