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The U.S. Strategic Approach Toward China: Its Implications for South Korea
2020-07-01 View : 240 LEE Sang Hyun , LEE Sang Hyun

The U.S. Strategic Approach Toward China: Its Implications for South Korea

 

 

[Current Issues and Policies] No. 2020-12 (July 2020)

Dr. LEE Sang Hyun

Senior Research Fellow,

The Sejong Institute

shlee@sejong.org

 

English Abstract

 

Amid the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) crisis, the Trump administration of the United States issued a report about the future U.S. approach and strategy toward China. This report clarified the U.S. stance that it will make a “competitive approach” toward China through public pressure and containment policies rather than a cooperative approach. Right now, the U.S. and China are most likely to conflict in issues related to the South China Sea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and North Korea. Furthermore, in terms of economic aspects, a close examination is needed to the possible impact of the decoupling the U.S. and Chinese economy and the Economic Prosperity Network (EPN) initiative. With such high level of uncertainty, it is desirable for South Korea to take a “positive hedging” position in accordance with issues between the U.S. and China. Meanwhile, South Korea needs to double its effort to escape from the current excessive dependence on China’s supply chain through diversification. Nevertheless, if it ultimately needs to choose one side over the other, the U.S.-led economic network is more beneficial to South Korea than that of China.

 

※ Translator’s note: This is a summarized unofficial translation of the original paper which was written in Korean. All references should be made to the original paper.

※ This article is written based on the author’s personal opinions and does not reflect the views of the Sejong Institute.